White Tailed Sea Eagle

White Tailed Sea Eagles have a wingspan of over 8 feet. Adults are mostly brown but have a lighter coloured head and, of course, a white tail. The young birds are generally brown all over and take 5 or 6 years to gain their full adult plumage.

In Britain, these eagles became extinct in the early 1900s, but in 1975 they were successfully re-introduced to the Isle of Rum off the west coast of Scotland. They now breed throughout the western isles, such as Mull, Skye, Lewis, Canna and the mainland coast of Wester Ross.

Fish, sea birds, rabbit and duck form the majority of these birds’ diet. They also scavenge, scouring the shoreline for washed-up fish and often stealing food from other animals such as otters and ospreys.

White Tailed Sea Eagles have a low reproductive rate, which has contributed to the slow growth in the population. In Scotland, they spend the winter in courtship and nest building, and eggs are laid in March. Females normally lay 1 - 2 eggs, which are incubated for about 7 weeks.

Scientific name
Haliaeetus albicilla
Fast facts
White Tailed Sea Eagles are the fourth largest species of eagle in the world
Females usually lay 1- 2 eggs, incubated for about 7 weeks.
Eggs are laid in March.
Conservation status
Least concern