Barbary Macaque

Say hello to the original cheeky monkey! Highly gregarious and sociable, the Barbary macaque is the only species of macaque to have populations living outside Asia. It’s also famous for its ‘vestigial tail’. This means that, as the macaque has adapted over the centuries, its tail has gradually lost most of its functional use.

Troops of macaques can live in mixed groups of 10 to 100 monkeys and, unlike other types of macaque, male Barbary macaques share the parenting and help to rear their young, spending a significant amount of time playing with, and grooming, infants.

Wild populations of Barbary macaques have suffered a major decline in recent years. The monkeys are taken from the wild and sold as live specimens to fuel the illegal pet trade. The habitat of the Barbary macaque is also under threat from increased logging activity.

Scientific name
Macaca sylvanus
Family
Cercopithecidae
Order
Primates
Lifespan
Males live to a maximum of 25 years while females may live up to 30 years.
Fast facts
Their main predators are eagles, and domestic dogs.
Besides humans, they are the only free-living primates in Europe.
Its name refers to the Barbary Coast of Northern Africa.
Conservation status
Endangered